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Intellectual DisabilityAutismCerebral PalsyEpilepsyOther Unspacified Diagnosis


Lanterman ActCWIC 4502CWIC 4505CWIC 4512

Intellectual Disability

What is Intellectual Disability?

A person must meet the following criteria in order to be diagnosed with mental retardation:

  1. Significantly subaverage intellectual functioning: an IQ of approximately 70 or below.
  2. Concurrent significant deficits or impairments in current adaptive functioning in at least 2 of the following areas: communication, self-care, home living, social/interpersonal skills, use of community rsources, self-direction, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health and safety.
  3. Onset is before age 18 years.

"Intellectual Disability is a condition, not a disease, nor is it a mental illness."

Levels of Intellectual Disability:

What are some causes of Intellectual Disability?

There are many predisposing factors that can cause Intellectual Disability, such as hereditary factors, environmental influences, pregnancy and perinatal problems and general medical conditions acquired in infancy or childhood.


Some cases of Intellectual Disability can be prevented. Here are some strategies:

Intervention and Treatment

Although Intellectual Disability is a chronic condition and is not curable, there are some interventions:

How we address the needs of these consumers

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