Esperanza Services believes that all individuals have a right to be treated with respect


Intellectual DisabilityAutismCerebral PalsyEpilepsyOther Unspacified Diagnosis


Lanterman ActCWIC 4502CWIC 4505CWIC 4512


Epilepsy is a Brain disorder characterized by electric-like disturbances; may include occasional impairment or loss of consciousness, abnormal motor phenomena and psychic or sensory disturbances. These reactions are called Seizures.

What causes Epilepsy?

No one knows what causes the seizures, but, some conditions we know that cause seizures are fever, stroke, brain tumor, infections, traumatic injury and poisoning.


Seizures are a sudden attack of electrical impulses in the brain causing the body to react. It can be as mild as a blank stare to a violent, uncontrollable shaking of the body, depending on how bad the seizure attacks the brain. When seizures happen repeatedly in a pattern, the condition is diagnosed as Epilepsy

There are two types of seizures:
  1. Generalized Seizures
  2. Partial Seizures

Generalized Seizures

The Generalized Seizure attack spreads on the entire brain causing the entire body to react in a certain way.

Partial Seizures

This type of seizure happens when only a part of the brain is attacked. The body is going to react depending on which part of the brain is stimulated.

Diagnosing Epilepsy

There are tests that can tall if a person has a seizure disorder. Some are EEG, CAT scan, MRI, blood levels test to measure calcium and blood sugar, skull x-rays, lumbar puncture, brain scan and cerebral angiography. These tests are to determine if those add behaviors may indeed be caused by seizure activity, or by something else.

How can you prevent seizures?

The causes are unknown and are not preventable, the best thing to do is to take steps that may prevent them, such as, pregnant women not taking drugs or alcohol, using safety precautions and equipment to avoid head injury, and not being around toxic materials.

Major source of seizures in children are febrile seizures, caused by fevers at 101 degrees or above. The attack is more likely to happen when the body can no longer cool itself. You can help by bathing in cool water or placing ice packs against the forehead, neck, armpits and between the legs. If the person has a viral infection, be sure prescribed medication are taken as directed, since the virus may be causing the fever.


Medication is the first choice in treatment for seizures. Anticonvulsants medications can control or minimize seizure attacks. These drugs are divided in smaller groups:

Surgery would be the last resort if medication does not improve the seizures. If must be used, doctors remove the part of the brain suspected of causing the attacks. Some times may be a tumor, pus build-up, cyst or abnormal bleeding that causes the seizures and must be surgically removed.

How we address the needs of these consumers

Home     |     Contact Us     |     Webmail     |     Gmail     |     STAFF
State of CA Department of Developmental Services Website: Phone: (916) 654-1990
Copyright © 2011 Esperanza Services Inc. All Rights Reserved